Periodontics, gum disease and maintenance

At Stradbroke Dental, our dentists will assess your gum health, and give you the tools and information to keep your gums healthy and prevent periodontal or gum disease. We strive to ensure you are disease free by taking time to clean your teeth and teach you how to maintain a high level of good oral care.

Gum disease

Gum disease is where the gums are inflamed and bleed on probing but the bone is not affected. Healthy gums are the foundation of good oral and general health.

Some of the symptoms which you may observe are: The gums may be:

  • Tenderness
  • Redness
  • Swollen gums
  • Bad breath,
  • Bleeding gums when brushing or flossing

What you can do to prevent gum disease

The cause of gum disease is bacteria. To manage it, the bacteria must be reduced to a level the body’s defense mechanisms can handle. Treatment classically involves:

  • Achieving the best possible home care
  • Professional cleaning of the teeth above and below the gum line (into the pockets) to remove the plaque and hard deposits (calculus / tartar), and
  • Regular reviews
  • Trying to remove risk factors such as smoking and poor diet.

Periodontal disease

Periodontal disease is when the gum disease progresses to the bone. There are varying degrees of periodontal disease.

Periodontal disease is caused by bacteria. Bacteria form a ‘plaque’ which is a sticky, colourless film that forms on your teeth, particularly around the gum line. Other bacteria thrive deep in the gap between the gum and the tooth (the ‘pocket’). Some people are much more at risk of developing periodontal disease — smoking is one of the major risk factors. Other conditions such as diabetes, stress, pregnancy and various medications can all be contributing factors.

In some cases referral to a gum specialist or periodontist may be required. Most of the time, periodontal disease is preventable.

Gum maintenance

Visit any of our dentists, who will examine your gums as part of a normal dental check-up. X-rays are often needed to help diagnose any gum problems. Good dental hygiene is a key factor in preventing gum disease. Our dentists will show you proper brushing and flossing techniques that will help ensure healthy teeth and gums. You may need to be referred to a Periodontist who is a specialist in treating gum disease. Treatment involves careful, deep cleaning of the teeth to remove the cause of the problem. This can be done with local anaesthetic.

Book your appointment today!